The Number One threat to Tigers Is Mankind.
It is sad to say and worse to hear but it is true. The number one threat to the tiger’s existence is man. Unfortunately that can be said for most of the endangered species around the world today. What is more disturbing is that we have the power to change things; yet Mankind has up till now not made it a priority to save our environment and for that matter, our planet.
In 1997 the World Wildlife Federation (WWF) conducted a survey of the world wide population of Tigers and published their findings stating there were only 50,000 Tigers left in the world. Tigers were put on the endangered species list. In 2007 the WWF conducted a new study. A more comprehensive field study to discover the World Tiger population had diminished to less than 3,500 tigers worldwide. Three of the eight species are now extinct.
In 2005, there were 48 tiger reserves in India which are governed by “Project Tiger” which is administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority. India is home to 70 percent of tigers in the world. In 2006, there were 1,411 tigers which increased to 1,706 in 2011 and 2,226 in 2014.
In 2010-11, National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) in partnership with the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) undertook an independent management effectiveness evaluation (MEE) of the 44 tiger reserves in the country. The reserves were categorized into four major categories. Karnataka has the highest number of tigers in the age group of 1.5 years with more 408 big cats. Uttarakhand has 340, Madhya Pradesh 308, Tamil Nadu 229, Maharashtra 190, Assam 167, Kerala 136 and Uttar Pradesh 117.
Those figures add up to 1895? Four of the Reserves have been closed and three others have had the tiger poached out of existence.
In Thailand, about 250 KM North West of Bangkok near Kanchanaburi, there is a Wildlife Sanctuary named The Tiger Temple. It is a unique reserve run by Buddhist monks and could be considered one of the most successful in Tiger Species Survival in the world. In 2005 there were about 9 tigers at the Temple and today 2015, there are more than 147. These tigers are Indo-Chinese, or so we think but they have not been DNA’d as of yet. There are fewer than 500 Indo-Chinese Tigers left in the world.
Unfortunately there is no government support for this facility and they survive only through donations made by visiting guests. However, they have good hearts and intentions. It is one of the few places in the world where you can safely get up close to a tiger.